Ukraine has risen in comparison with the previous year by 22 positions – from 129th to 107th place.
The best situation with the freedom of speech is in three North European countries, heading the ranking:
- Finland (ranked 1st, the position it has held since 2010)
- Netherlands (2nd, up 2 places)
- Norway (3rd, down 1)
The same “infernal trio” are in the last three positions:
- Turkmenistan (178th)
- North Korea (179th)
- Eritrea (180th)
“It is unfortunately clear that many of the world’s leaders are developing a form of paranoia about legitimate journalism,” said RSF secretary-general Christophe Deloire.
BACKGROUND: The Index is based on an evaluation of media freedom that measures pluralism, media independence, the quality of the legal framework and the safety of journalists in 180 countries. It is compiled by means of a questionnaire in 20 languages that is completed by experts all over the world. This qualitative analysis is combined with quantitative data on abuses and acts of violence against journalists during the period evaluated.
The Index is not an indicator of the quality of the journalism in each country, nor does it rank public policies even if governments obviously have a major impact on their country’s ranking.